Chemistry

Department of Chemistry

University of Baltistan, Skardu

 

Statement of Vision:

The Department of Chemistry endeavors to be a nationally-recognized model for educating and graduating students prepared to compete in and contribute to the ever-changing.  To achieve this vision, the department is committed to providing a course of study for undergraduates in the chemical sciences which combines curriculum, scholarship and service/engagement opportunities that are high-quality, innovative and intellectually challenging and employ state-of-the-art technologies.

Statement of Mission:

The mission of the Department of Chemistry is to advance the chemical sciences through the education of undergraduate students by providing them with quality classroom, research and library. With a high standard for excellence including natural product, organic synthesis and Nano-materials. The department will produce students who are knowledgeable in chemistry and can think critically.

Department of Chemistry Goals & Objectives:

  • Students will appreciate chemistry for its intrinsic aesthetic value.
  • Students will understand the ways chemists describe and model the behavior.
  • Students will have knowledge of the fundamental principles and contemporary practices of chemistry, and will be able to use them to investigate, explain, and predict new phenomena.
  • Students will be aware of the application of scientific principles, particularly those of chemistry, to societal issues.
  • The Department faculty will be a community of teacher/scholars.
  • The Chemistry Department will be a scholarly community in which faculty, staff, and students actively participate, in both formal and informal venues. The Department of Chemistry will be an active participant in the scientific community beyond the department.
  • The students will behave in an ethical manner.
  • Students will develop a commitment to a life of learning.

Faculty:

The faculty of the department is well qualified to the level of Ph.D, most of whom have obtained their training and research from renowned institutions at national and international levels.

S. No

Name Faculty

Designation

Degree

Status

1

Dr. Shafqat Hussain (HoD

Assistant Professor

Ph.D

TTS

2

Dr. Mehdi Hassan

Assistant Professor

Ph.D

TTS

3

Dr. Nusrat Hussain

Assistant Professor

Ph.D

TTS

 

Scheme of Studies:

Semester.

Course Title

Credit hours

BS-I

 

1

English-I (Functional)

3(3-0)

2

Islamic Studies

2(2-0)

3

Everyday Science

3(3-0)

4

Mathematics-I

3(3-0)

5

Computer Applications

3(3-0)

6

Inorganic Chemistry

4(3-1)

Total

18

BS-II

7

English-II (Functional)

3(3-0)

8

Essentials of Chemistry

3(3-0)

9

Pak Studies

2(2-0)

10

Mathematics-II

3(3-0)

11

Statistics

3(3-0)

12

Organic Chemistry

4(3+1)

Total

18

BS-III

13

English-III (Report Writing)

3(3-0)

14

Food Chemistry

3(3-0)

15

Environmental Chemistry

3(3-0)

16

Statistics

3(3-0)

17

Physical Chemistry

4(3-1)

Total

16

BS-IV

18

English-IV

3(3-0)

19

Teaching and reading skills

3(3-0)

20

Entrepreneurship

3(3-0)

21

Analytical Chemistry

3(2+1)

22

Applied Chemistry

2(2-0)

23

Bio Chemistry

3(2+1)

 

Total

17

BS-V

24

Inorganic Chemistry

4 (3+1)

25

Organic Chemistry

4 (3+1)

26

Physical Chemistry

4 (3+1)

27

Analytical Chemistry

4 (3+1)

 

Total

16

BS-VI

28

Inorganic Chemistry

4 (3+1)

29

Organic Chemistry

4 (3+1)

30

Physical Chemistry

4 (3+1)

31

Analytical Chemistry

4 (3+1)

 

Total

16

 

 

BS-VII

32

Heterocyclic & Organometallic compounds

3(3-0)

33

Reactive Intermediates

3(3-0)

34

Organic Spectroscopy

3(3-0)

35

Lab-I

1(0-1)

36

Advanced Practical (non-thesis)

2(0-2)

37

Research Project (thesis)

3(0-3)

38

Research Methodology

3(3-0)

 

Total

16/15 (non-thesis)

 

 

 

 

BS-VIII

31

Medicinal Chemistry

3(3-0)

32

Natural Products

3(3-0)

33

Organic Synthesis

3(3-0)

34

Lab-II

1(0+1)

35

Stereochemistry

3(3+0)

36

Lab Techniques (non-thesis)

4(3+1)

37

Research Project (thesis)

3(0+3)

 

Total

16/17 (non-thesis)

 

 

BS-VII

31

Inorganic Reaction Mechanism

3(3-0)

32

Inorganic Spectroscopy/Bioinorganic Chemistry

3(3-0)

33

Absorption Spectroscopy

3(3-0)

34

Lab-I (Inorganic Chemistry

1(0+1)

35

Advance Practical-I (Non thesis)

3(3+0)

36

Research Project (Thesis)

3(3+o)

37

Research Methodology

3(0+3)

 

Total

16

BS-VIII

31

Symmetry and Group Theory/Organometallic Chemistry

3(3-0)

32

Advance Separation Techniques

3(3-0)

33

Instrumental Method for Structural Analysis

3(3-0)

34

Lab-II

1(0+1)

35

Advance Practical-II Inorganic Chemistry (Non thesis)

3(3+0)

36

Research Project (Thesis)

3(3+o)

37

Food and Drug analysis (Optional)

3(0+3)

 

Total

16

 

Total Credit Hours

133

Academic Program

The Department is offering BS in Chemistry four year programs. 

Specializations

The Department is offering two fields of specializations initially.

BS in Organic Chemistry

BS in Inorganic Chemistry

Research Publications:

  1. Zahid Hussain, Nusrat Hussain, Atia-tul-Wahab, Shabbir Hussain, M. Iqbal Choudhary, Seven New Transformed Metabolites of Drostanolone Heptanoate by using Beauveria bassiana and Macrophomena phaseolina Cell Suspension Cultures, RSC Advances, 2020, 10, 451-460.
  2. Ting Zeng, YanRan Tang, Bin Li, Shumaila Tasneem, HanWen Yuan, Yan-Zhe Jia, Muhammad Daniyal, Nusrat Hussain, Wen-Miao Wang, Da-Lei Zuo, Li-Min Gong, Bin Liu, Ji-Lian Shi, Zhun Zhou, Cai-Yun Peng, Shu-Jin He and Wei Wang, Chemical characterization of constituents from Polygonatum cyrtonema Hua and their cytotoxic and antioxidant evaluation, Natural Product Research, 2019, (Online, doi.org/10.1080/14786419.2018.1543682).
  3. Nusrat Hussain, Abdul Hameed, Malik Shoaib Ahmad, Mujeeb-ur-Rehman, Samar Yousuf, Zulfiqar Ali, M. Hafizur Rahman, M. Iqbal Choudhary, New iridoids from Lyonia ovalifolia and their anti-hyperglycemic effects in mice pancreatic islets, Fitoterapia, 2018, 131, 168-173.
  4. Yongbei Liu, Yupei Yang, Shumaila Tasneem, Nusrat Hussain, Muhammad Daniyal, Hanwen Yuan, Qingling Xie, Bin Liu, Jing sun, Yuqing Jian, Bin Li, Shenghuang Chen, Wei Wang, Lignans from Tujia Ethnomedicine Heilaohu: Chemical characterization and evaluation of their cytotoxicity and antioxidant activities, Molecules, 2018, 23(9), 2147.
  5. Rabia Farooq, Nusrat Hussain, Sammer Yousuf, Atia-tul-Wahab, Malik Shoaib Ahmad, Atta-ur-Rahman, M. Iqbal Choudhary, Microbial transformation of mestanolone by Macrophomina phaseolina and Cunninghamella blakesleeana and anticancer activities of its transformed products, RSC Advances, 2018, 8, 21985-21992.
  6. Abdul Hameed, M. Hafiz ur Rahman, Nusrat Hussain, Sayed Ali Raza, MujeebRehman, Sajda Ashraf, Zaheer-Ul-Haq, Faisal Khan, Ghulam Abbas, M. Iqbal Choudhary, Eriodictyol stimulates insulin secretion through cAMP/PKA signaling pathway in mice islets, European Journal of Pharmacology, 2018, 820, 245-255.
  7. Yan-jiao Chen, Liang Na, Jialong Fan, Jianping Zhao, Nusrat Hussain, Yu-qing Jian, Hanwen Yuan, Bin Li, Bin Liu, M. Iqbal Choudhary, Ikhlas Khan, Wei Wang, “Seco-dammarane triterpenoids from the leaves of Cyclocarya paliurus”, Phytochemistry, 2018, 145, 85-92.
  8. Yang Chen, Jianping Zhao, YixingQiu, Hanwen Yuan, Shabana I. Khan, Nusrat Hussain, M. Iqbal Choudhary, Feng Zeng, De-An Guo, Ikhlas A. Khan, Wei Wang, “Prenylated flavonoids from the stems and roots of Tripterygium wilfordii”, Fitoterapia, 2017,119, 64-68.
  9. Nusrat Hussain, AchyutAdhikari, Malik Shoaib Ahmad, Atia-tul- Wahab, Meher Ali, M. Iqbal Choudhary, “Two new prenylated flavonoids from the roots of Berberis thunbergii DC”, Natural Product Research, 2017, 31(7), 785-790.
  10. Malik Shoaib Ahmad, Rabia Farooq, Nusrat Hussain, Atia-tul-Wahab, Atta-ur-Rahman, M. Iqbal Choudhary, “Three new analogues of androgenic drug mesterolone through biotransformation with Cunninghamella blakseleeana”, Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic, 2016, 133(S1), S395-S399.
  11. Muhammad Ibrahima, Iqbal Hussain, Nusrat Hussain, Amjad Hussain, Shabbir Hussain, “A New Guaianolide from Medicinal Plant Amberboa ramosa”, Natural Product Research, 2016, 30(1), 110-114.
  12. Bakhat Ali, Muhammad Ibrahim, Muhammad Imran, Haq Nawaz, Saleem Jan, Nusrat Hussain, Muhammad Khalid, Iqbal Hussain, “Pakistamide C, a New Sphingolipid from Abutilon pakistanicum”, Brazilian Journal of Pharmacognosy, 2014, 24(2), 277-281.
  13. Ala Uddin, Ghias Uddin, Nusrat Hussain, Ajmal Khan, Inamullah Khan, Anwar Ali Shad and Muhammad Iqbal Choudhary, “Bioassay-guided Isolation of New Antitumor Agent from Ficus faveolata (Wall. exMiq.)”, Cancer Science & Therapy, 2013, 5(11), 404-408.
  14. Muhammad Ibrahim, Iqbal Hussain, Muhammad Imran, Nusrat Hussain, Amjad Hussain, Tooba Mahboob, Corniculatin A, A New Flavonoidal Glucoside from Oxalis corniculata”, Brazilian Journal of Pharmacognosy, 2013, 23(4), 630-634.
  15. Muhammad Ibrahim, Tahir Farooq, Nusrat Hussain, Amjad Hussain, Tahsin Gulzar, Iqbal Hussain, Muhammad Sajid Akash and Fouzia Sultana Rehmani, “Acetyl and Butyryl Cholinesterase Inhibitory Sesquiterpene Lactones from Amberboa ramosa”, Chemistry Central Journal. 2013, 7, 116.
  16. Muhammad Ibrahim, S. Ambreen, Amjad Hussain, Nusrat Hussain, Maria yousuf, and Fouzia Sultana Rehmani, “Phytochemical Investigation on Eucalyptus globules Labill”, Asian Journal of Chemistry, 2014, 26(4), 1015-1018.
  17. Ala Uddin, Nusrat Hussain, Ghias Uddin and Mohammad Iqbal Choudhary, “Ficusonic Acid: A New Cytotoxic Triterpene Isolated from Maytenus royleanus(Wall. ex M. A. Lawson) Cufodontis”, Journal of Brazilian Chemical Society, 2013, 24 (4), 663-668.
  18. Iqbal Choudhary, Amjad Hussain, Nusrat Hussain, Achyut Adhikari, Bishnu P. Marasini, Samina A. Sattar, Atia-tul-Wahab, Syed A. Majid Ayatollahi, Atta-ur-Rahman, “Anticancer and α-Chymotrypsin Inhibiting Diterpenes and Triterpenes from Salvia leriifolia”, Phytochemistry Letters, 2013, 6, 139–143.
  19. Iqbal Choudhary, Achyut Adhikari, Saima Rasheed, Nusrat Hussain, Bishnu P. Marasini, , Waqar Ahmad Kaleem, and Atta-ur-Rahman,“Cyclopeptide Alkaloids of Zizyphus oxyphylla Edgew Novel Inhibitors of a-Glucosidase Enzyme and Protein Glycation”, Phytochemistry Letters, 2011, 4, 404–406.
  20. Muhammad Nisar, Waqar Ahmad Kaleem, Achyut Adhikari, Zulfiqar Ali, Nusrat Hussain, Inamullah Khan, and M. Iqbal Choudhary, “Stereochemistry and NMR Data Assignment of Cyclopeptide Alkaloids from Zizyphus oxyphylla”, Natural Product Communications. 2010, 5(8), 1205-1208.
  21. Hassan Mehdi, Weitao Gong, Huimin Guo, Michael Watkinson, Hua Ma, Ali Wajahat and Guiling Ning.Aggregation-Induced Emission (AIE) Fluorophore Exhibits a Highly Ratiometric Fluorescent Response to Zn2+ in vitro and in Human Liver Cancer Cells. Chem. Eur. J. 2017, 23, 13067-13075[Published as Front cover page of Journal]
  22. Hassan Mehdi, Hongchang Pang, Weitao Gong, Ali Wajahat, Xiaojun Kuang and Guiling Ning, Chem.,2016, 14, 5956-5964. [Published as Front cover page of Journal]
  23. Hassan Mehdi,Hongchang Pang, Weitao Gong, Ali Wajahat, XiaojunKuang and Guiling Ning. Supramolecular Chemistry, 2017, 29, 378–386.
  24. Weitao Gong, Duo Na, Hassan Mehdi, Guiling Ning. Biomol. Chem., 2015, 13, 1979-1982
  25. Qiang Song, Weitao Gong, Guiling Ning,* Hassan Mehdi, Guiqi Zhang, and Junwei Ye., Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014, 16, 8783-8786
  26. Weitao Gong, Duo Na, Hassan Mehdi, Guiling Ning, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry 772-773. Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, 2014, 772-773, 314- 319
  27. Peng Gao, Weitao Gong,Hassan Mehdi and Guiling Ning, RSC Adv., 2014, 4, 51268-51271.
  28. R. Shah, Mehdi Hassan, Said Nadeem, and M. I. Bhanger, Supramolecular Chemistry. 2014, 26, 10-12, 777–782.
  29. Wajahat Ali, Weitao Gong, Hassan Mehdi and Guiling Ning, Asian Journal of
  30. Organic Chemistry (Accepted)
  1. Oxadiazoles and Thiadiazoles: Novel α-Glucosidase Inhibitors, Hamdy Kashtoh, Shafqat Hussain, Ajmal Khan, Syed Muhammad Saad, Jalaluddin A. J. Khan, Khalid Mohammed Khan, Shahnaz Perveen, M. Iqbal Choudhary. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry, 22, 2014, 5454-5465.
  2. A New Catalyst for the Synthesis of Quinoxaline Derivatives, Khalid M. Khan, Shafqat Hussain, Shahanaz Perveen, Fazal Rahim, Sammer Yousuf and Ejaz Hussain, Sodium Bromate/Sodium Hydrogen Sulfite: Letters in Organic Chemistry, 2014, 426-431.
  3. β-glucuronidase Inhibitory Studies on Coumarin Derivatives, Khalid Mohammed Khan, Muhammad Imran Fakhri, Nimra Naveed Shaikh, Syed Muhammad Saad, Shafqat Hussain, Shahnaz Perveen and Muhammad Iqbal Choudhary. Medicinal Chemistry, 2014, 10, 778-782.
  4. Triazinoindole analogs as .potent inhibitors of α-glucosidase: Synthesis, biological evaluation and molecular docking studies, Fazal Rahim, Khadim Ullah, Hayat Ullah, Abdul Wadood, Muhammad Taha, Ashfaq Ur Rehman, Imad uddin, Muhammad Ashraf, Ayesha Shaukat, Wajid Rehman, Shafqat Hussain, Khalid Mohammed Khan.. Bioorganic Chemistry, 58, 2015, 81–87.
  5. Synthesis, in vitro evaluation and molecular docking studies of thiazole derivatives as new inhibitors of α-glucosidase, Fazal Rahim , Hayat Ullah, Muhammad Tariq Javid, Abdul Wadood, Muhammad Taha, Muhammad Ashraf, Ayesha Shaukat, Muhammad Junaid, Shafqat Hussain, Wajid Rehman, Rashad Mehmood, Muhammad Sajid, Muhammad Naseem Khan and Khalid Mohammed Khan. Bioorganic Chemistry, 62, 2015, 15–21
  6. Evaluation of bisindole as potent β-glucuronidase inhibitors: Synthesis and in silico based studies. Khalid Mohammed Khan, Fazal Rahim, Abdul Wadood, Muhammad Taha, Momin Khan, Shagufta Naureen, Nida Ambreen, Shafqat Hussain, Shahnaz Perveen, Mohammad Iqbal Choudhary. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 2014, 24, 1825-1829.
  7. Benzothiazole Derivatives: Novel Inhibitors of Methylglyoxal Mediated Glycation of Proteins In Vitro, Sanaullah Abbasi, Salma Mirza, Saima Rasheed, Shafqat Hussain, Jalaluddin A. J. Khan, Khalid Mohammed Khan, Shahnaz Perveen, M. Iqbal Choudhary. Medicinal Chemistry, 2014, 10, 824-835
  8. Antiglycation Activity of Quinoline Derivatives- A New Therapeutic Class for the Management of Type 2 Diabetes, Bilquees Bano, Sanaullah Abbasi, Saima Rasheed, Shafqat Hussain, Jalaluddin A. J. Khan, Khalid Mohammed Khan and M. Iqbal Choudhary.. Medicinal Chemistry, 2014, 11, 60-68
  9. Synthesis, Antimicrobial and Phytotoxic Activity of Amide Derivatives of L-( )-2,3- Diacetoxy-4-methoxy-4-oxo-butanoic acid. Mahrukh Malik, Sher Wali Khan, Javed Hussain Zaidi, Khalid Mohammed Khan, Shafqat Hussain, Shahnaz Perveen and Ghulam Abbas Miana. Journal of Chemical Society Pakistan, 36, 2014, 170-176.
  10. Synthesis and Structure-activity Relationship of Thiobarbituric Acid Derivatives as Potent Inhibitors of Urease, Khalid Mohammed Khan, Fazal Rahim, Ajmal Khan, Muhammad Shabeer, Shafqat Hussain, Wajid Rehman, Muhammad Taha, Momin Khan, Shahnaz Perveen, and M. Iqbal Choudhary. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, 22 2014, 4119–4123
  11. Synthesis and β-glucuronidase inhibitory activity of 2-arylquinazolin- 4(3H)-ones Khalid Mohammed Khan, Syed Muhammad Saad, Nimra Naveed Shaikh, Shafqat Hussain, Muhammad Imran Fakhri, Shahnaz Parveen, Muhammad Taha and Muhammad Iqbal Choudhary. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, 22, 2014, 3449-3454
  12. New Facile Eco-Friendly and Rapid Synthesis of Trisubstituted Alkenes Using Bismith Nitrate as Lewis Acid, Munira Taj Muhammad, Khalid Mohammad Khan, Muhammad Taha, Tariq Khan, Shafqat Hussain, Muhammad Imran Fakhri, Shahnaz Perveen, Latter in Organic Chemistry, 13, 2016, 231-235
  13. Crystal structure of methyl 2-(7-hydroxy-2-oxo-2H- chromen-4-yl) acetate, Sammer Yousuf, Shafqat Hussain, Khalid Mohammed Khan, Muhammad Shabeer and Shahnaz Perveen, Crystalography E. 2015, 71, 0677–0678.
  14. Synthesis in-vitro α-glucosidase inhibitory activity and molecular docking studies of new thiazole derivatives, Khalid Mohammed Khan, Saira Qurban, Uzma Salar, Muhammad Taha, Shafqat Hussain, Shahnaz Perveen, Abdul Hameed, Nor Hadiani Ismail, Muhammad Riaz, Abdul Wadood, Bioorganic Chemistry, 68, (2016) 245-258.
  15. Synthesis, in vitro evalution and molecular docking studies of 5-bromo-2-Aryl benzimidazole as α-glucosidase inhibitors, Tanzila Arshad, Khalid Mohammed Khan, Najma Rasool, Uzma Salar, Shafqat Hussain, Tahreem Tahir, Mohammed Ashraf, Abdul Wadood, Muhammad Riaz, Shahnaz Perveen, Muhammad Taha, Medicinal Chemistry Research, (2016) 25, 2058-2069 
  1. 5-Bromo-2-aryl benzimidazole derivatives as non-cytotoxic potential dual inhibitors of α-glucosidase and urease enzymes, Tanzila Arshad, Khalid Muhammad Khan, Najma Rasool Uzma Salar Shafqat Hussain, Huma Asghar, Muhammed Asharaf, Abdul Wadood, Muhammad Riaz Shahnaz Perveen, Muhammad Taha, Nor-Hadiani Ismail, Bioorganic Chemistry, 72 (2017) 21-31.
  2. Crystal Structure and Hirshfeld surface analysis of 1-(4-cholor-phen-yl)-2-{[5-(4-chloro-phen-yl)-1,3,4-oxa-diazol-2-yl]sulfan-yl}ethanone, Rajesh Kumar, Shafqat Hussain, Khalid M. Khan, Shanaz Perveen and Sammer Yousuf, , Acta Cryst (2017). E73, 524-527
  3. Crystal Structure and Hirshfeld surface analysis of 1-(4-bromophenyl)-2-{[5-(pyridine-3-yl)-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl]sulfanyl}ethan-1-one. Huma Bano, Shafqat Hussain, Khalid M. Khan, Shanaz Perveen and Sammer Yousuf, Acta Cryst (2017). E73, 623-626
  4. 1,1ꞌ-Carbonyldiimidazole (CDI) mediated facile synthesis, structural characterization, antimicrobial activity and in-silico studies of coumarin-3-carboxamide derivatives. Uzma Salar, Khalid Mohammed Khan, Muhammad Imran Fakhri, Shafqat Hussain, Saima Tauseef, Shagufta Amber, Abdul adood, Huma Khan, Shahnaz Perveen. Medicinal Chemistry, 2018;14(1):86-101).
  5. Synthetic nicotinic/isonicotinic thiosemicarbazides: In vitro urease inhibitory activities and molecular docking studies. Shahnaz Perveene Basharat Ali, Khalid Mohammed Khana, Arshiaa, Kanwal, Shafqat Hussain, Safdar Hussain, Muhammad Ashraf, Muhammad Riaz, Abdul Wadood, Bioorganic Chemistry, 2018, 79, 34-45
  6. Comparative phytochemical profile of some medicinal plants from gilgit-baltistan, Muhammad Ismail*, Shams Jamal, Noor-Ul-Haq, Shabbir Hussain, Shafqat Hussain, Progress in Nurtition, 2019; 22,
  7. Nematicidal properties of some medicinal plants from selected flora of gilgit-baltistan, M. Ismail1, S. Fayyaz, M. Azad, S. Javed, I.Ali, S. Ali and Shafqat Hussain, The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 2019, 29, 1182-1187
  8. Structural parameters, electronic, linear and nonlinear optical exploration of thiopyrimidine derivatives: A comparison between DFT/TDDFT and experimental study. Ajaz Hussain, Muhammad Usman Khan, Muhammad Ibrahim, Muhammad Khalid, Akbar Ali, Shafqat Hussain, Muhammad Saleem, Naseeb Ahmad, Shabbir Muhammad, Abdullah G. Al-Sehemi, Ayesha Sultan
    1. Journal of Molecular Structure, 1201, 2019, 1271-1283
  1. 2-Mercapto Benzothiazole Derivatives: As Potential Leads for the Diabetic Management, Saeed Ullah, Salma Mirza, Uzma Salar, Shafqat Hussain, Kulsoom Javaid, Khalid Mohammed, Khan, Ruqaiya Khalil, Atia-tul-Wahab, Zaheer Ul-Haq, Shahnaz Perveen and M. Iqbal Choudhary. Medicinal Chemistry, 2020, 16, 1-15.
  2. determination of Constituents and Estimation of Sugar and Trace Elemnet in Soft Drinks, Amina Sultana, Anila Anwar, Rubina Perveen, Farah Kishwer, Rabia Farheen, Azhar ali and Shafqat Hussain, Fuuast.J. Biol. 2019, , 9, 257-261.
  3. Free Radical Scavenging and Cytotoxic Activities of Substituted Pyrimidines, Qurat-ul-Ain, Shafqat Hussain, M. Iqbal Choudhary, Khalid Mohammed Khan, ArXiv Preprint, 2020, 2003, 36-45.